A good friend kept pointing me at fivethirtyeight.com for statistician extraordinaire Nate Silver’s (and team’s) views on the World Cup. In particular, he really thought I should read the following article (Why Isn’t the U.S. Men’s National Team Better at Soccer?) and that it would be interesting on an analytical level. So I did.
The problem was, I came in biased. And that’s how I left. And I wouldn’t have it any other way.
Of course, it didn’t help that the silly title was followed by an opening paragraph that concluded with the idea that despite America’s riches and focus on sport it “can’t field a world-class men’s soccer team.”
I knew from there on I was going to struggle to maintain an open mind because I immediately formed a couple serious concerns.
First, this presumptions, misplaced opening premise starts the reader on the easy, but not particularly well-informed path that the USA isn’t good at this “foreign” sport.
Second, the desire to turn soccer into another statisticians dream the way Money Ball changed baseball frightens and dismays me.
Mr. Silver’s website has lots of new World Cup coverage, and I’m sure it’s all quite thorough. There are percentages on what teams will advance, what games will be ties and other statistical discussions that can make newbies to the game sound smart at a cocktail party or at the office water cooler.
I don’t find such soccer statistics a thing of beauty. And I don’t really want them coloring my view of the beautiful game.
Fivethirtyeight.com knows that there are people who feel like I do, they even address it head-on. The site even makes the very specific claim that “In soccer, data and aesthetics are not mutually exclusive, just as they aren’t in any other sport.”
I hope they are wrong.
And I love when it the numbers don’t tell the story. Like today.
The site predicted only 19% change of a Germany/Ghana tie and thought Argentina vs. Iran would turn into a blowout victory for the South Americans. Very logical.
What happened? A Germany/Ghana tie. And a last second goal by Lionel Messi to save Argentina from an unexpected scoreless tie.
The unpredictability of those results made the day much more fun.
The beauty of the game comes from the decisions that need to be made on the field, by players, in real-time. It’s a game of emotion. Of momentum. And yes, of luck.
There are few plays to be run from a playbook. Limiting the number of plays where success or failure can be tracked.
Can you predict pulled hamstrings, goals that happen within the first 30 seconds, the humidity or field conditions?
Can you predict players getting broken noses or head-butting one another?
Can you predict a poor decision by a referee?
Maybe in aggregate all of these things can be calculated, predicted and analyzed.
I hope not, because there’s more to a fluid team sport than any of that. Especially a team sport that leaves so much responsibility on the hands of the players. Not play calling.
What variable/value is assigned to team spirit, exactly? Not so easy.
Did the USA outplay Ghana in its first game of this World Cup? No. But did it display an unbelievable commitment to each other on the field? Absolutely.
And that proved to be enough. On that day. On that field. In this competition.
I don’t think that this game is predictable. And I hope it never is.
Despite all of my internal rejection of the ‘numberization’ of my chosen sport, the article’s premise was just as troubling as the fact that it was searching for something to analyze.
The overly-Americanized and ridiculously presumptive title started me down a path that’s hard to recover from.
It asked: “Why Isn’t the U.S. Men’s National Team Better at Soccer?”
Wow. What a question. How much better should the USA be exactly?
The game against Ghana was clearly more grit than beauty… and I do not think the USA is the World’s best team, but how much better are we talking about, specifically?
Germany, I presume, is considered way better that the USA. And today, they tied the team we beat a few days back.
One measure of being “better” means getting results in the World Cup, right?
The USA has qualified for every World Cup since 1990. (Yes, in 1994 we did not need to, as hosts.) This success is disregarded, since people think that our region is easy to qualify from.
Mexico, of our region, just tied Brazil. How good are they? Yeah, we qualified ahead of them.
Costa Rica, of our region, has already qualified for the second round beating both South American and European foes. Yeah, we qualified ahead of them too.
And for Euro-soccer Snobs that think our region is easy to qualify from, I suggest they play some competitive matches in San Jose, Costa Rica, Tegucigalpa, Honduras or in Azteca Stadium in Mexico, and see what they think afterward.
Think it’s easy? Read this.
But the article asks, why aren’t we “better.” Perhaps that means we need to beat the best teams in competition.
However, in REAL competitions, we’ve beaten Argentina by 3 goals (Copa America), stopped Spain’s ridiculously long winning streak (Confederations Cup), beaten Mexico and Portugal in World Cup play. Is that not enough?
When, exactly, will we qualify as being good enough for the statisticians to go back to baseball.
I get that in some way statistics may help explain soccer. But having some foundational knowledge and understanding of the game – and its frustrating intricacies – might help form some better hypotheses to begin with.
During World Cup coverage, when players leaving the field, ESPN (who’s coverage has been quite good, actually) shows me how much the player has run. As if that’s a metric of success.
We now see team possession statistics that aren’t particularly useful either, in my view, since for some teams it is a strategy and for others it is a necessity that happens without any meaningful offensive moves.
We now see percentages of passes completed. Interesting, but flawed. One beautiful pass can be worth ten simple ones.
And please, don’t ask why the USA “aren’t better” unless you are willing to describe what better looks like. Because the USA can and should get better, but I don’t think our improvement will be driven by a calculator and an algorithm.
So please, keep your statistics off in a fantasy league corner. If you haven’t noticed, the USA is developing a passion for the beautiful game.
Let’s not bury it in, largely meaningless, numbers.
I plan to remain with my head firmly in the sand. Preferring emotion to calculation. And beauty to analysis.
Yes, in my soccer book collection I have (and enjoyed) Soccernomics, by Simon Kuper and Stefan Szymanski.
But my favorite will always be “Soccer in Sun and Shadow” by Eduardo Galeano.
Toward the end of this glorious text, he writes “The more the technocrats program it down to the smallest detail, the more the powerful manipulate it, soccer continues to be the art of the unforseeable.”
That’s what computes for me.